Tell us somewhat bit about your self.
I grew up in a tiny city known as Porcupine on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. I’m a proud member of the Oglala Lakota Tribe. I grew up on the reservation, graduated from the native highschool, and attended Duke University in North Carolina, the place I realized the ins-and-outs of instructing. For the previous few years, I’ve taught 4th graders at just a few totally different colleges on the Pine Ridge Reservation.
What drove you to grow to be a trainer?
Growing up the place I grew up undoubtedly drove me towards instructing. Our tribal colleges are basically 100 % Lakota college students, however my lecturers had been primarily non-Native. I’ve all the time been large on my tribe’s historical past, and I felt that lots of my lecturers didn’t really combine our tradition and historical past into the classroom. I additionally come from a spot the place we lack a number of male function fashions, and I imagine that instructing is a good way to supply steerage and assist the youth. I’d say these observations led me into instructing on the elementary degree on the reservation.
What are your faculty and group like?
Teaching in my very own group has all the time been a precedence for me. I educate college students from throughout the reservation — my classroom is made up of all Lakota college students. I’ve a few of the finest college students on this planet: they’re obsessed with their tradition and historical past, prepared to be taught, and educate me as a lot as (typically greater than!) I educate them.
Why is representing Native American heritage in your instructing supplies — and in training, extra broadly — vital to you?
I grew up a mile away from the location of the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre, one of the vital well-known occasions in Native American historical past. However, in lots of our textbooks, this vital occasion is never talked about. If it’s, it’s typically represented as a battle, which could be very unfaithful. There are many examples like this throughout the handfuls of textbooks on the market. I imagine that my college students deserve to listen to an genuine account of occasions like Wounded Knee.
Many of my college students are lively in numerous cultural traditions throughout the reservation. I’ve college students that dance at powwows, proficient artists, singers in drum teams, and horse racers. It’s all the time enjoyable to implement these acquainted reservation actions. Devoting time to those features of our group’s tradition helps my college students perceive that these actions are vital and significant. It additionally offers my college students a possibility to be within the highlight. Everyone loves speaking about their passions!
What are some stuff you do to assist your Native American college students see themselves of their studying supplies or their classroom?
One space that I feel it’s important to implement Lakota tradition and values into is classroom administration. Essentially each scholar is already conscious of the Lakota values earlier than they arrive into my classroom. At the start of the 12 months, we speak about every worth (generosity, for instance), why it’s vital, and the way we are able to apply these totally different values within the classroom, lunchroom, playground, and extra. We create our personal anchor charts with these examples and show them for the remainder of the 12 months (I want to provide a shoutout to my former colleague Ms. Ximena for this exercise!). Continually displaying these values and different parts of our tradition just like the Lakota language, well-known figures, and present occasions retains college students conscious that their tradition is vital!
I additionally attempt to actively search for alternatives for my college students to guide the lesson or dialogue primarily based off of their pursuits. I had one scholar just a few years in the past that was excellent at beadwork, which is a giant a part of our tradition. She beloved bringing in her creations, and the opposite college students responded enthusiastically. I arrange a lesson the place she confirmed off a few of her work and defined why it was vital. Next, college students made their very own keychains utilizing beads, and she or he bought to assist different college students, give recommendation, and apply her management expertise. Of course, not the whole lot must be an elaborate lesson, however I feel there’s super worth in placing our cultural passions on a platform. It says, “Hey, this is fun, engaging, and important!”
For an educator who’s seeking to signify Native American heritage as a part of their instructing apply, the place do you recommend they begin?
An excellent place to begin could be to analysis the tribes native to their areas, each presently and traditionally. Find out the notable occasions and figures in native tribal historical past, and all the time appears to be like for first-hand sources.
In phrases of instructing Native heritage as a non-Native, be aware that you’re much less an teacher and moreso a facilitator. Make the training a collaborative course of. Native historical past isn’t all the time shiny and cheery. It’s vital to set an atmosphere that’s inclusive and culturally delicate.
What’s one piece of recommendation you’ll give a trainer who’s attempting to include extra culturally correct instructing into their apply?
I’ve spent 25 years on the reservation and am nonetheless removed from an skilled on our tradition, so I’d encourage different lecturers to repeatedly attempt to find out about cultures they need to incorporate. Talking to somebody who has skilled the tradition firsthand is all the time vital — notably, as a result of many cultures have do’s and don’ts which might be totally different from others and the very last thing anybody desires is the spreading of misconceptions! Acknowledgement that you’re these cultures as an outsider and need to be taught extra is all the time a superb mindset. Teaching totally different cultures precisely is difficult and might even be uncomfortable, however we owe it to our college students to provide a variety of worldviews and representations within the classroom.
If there was one factor you needed different lecturers to remove out of your story and your expertise, what would it not be?
Know your college students’ cultures, backgrounds, and communities, and attempt to combine and encourage these qualities within the classroom! Stereotype menace is an actual problem. I encourage lecturers to analysis it and fight it straight of their lecture rooms.
Are there further sources, articles, books, or podcasts that you simply’d advocate?
Oh man, the place to begin? For firsthand, genuine accounts of Native American life, I like to recommend the varied works by Luther Standing Bear, Vine Deloria, and Black Elk Speaks. The e book Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee by Dee Brown is a fairly complete account of Native Americans within the West within the 1800s. For a take a look at how social research textbooks typically current a skewed (and incorrect!) model of historical past, I like to recommend Lies My Teacher Told Me by James Loewen. Another e book I’ve really helpful to lecturers who’re instructing in new and unfamiliar settings is For White Folks Who Teach within the Hood… and the Rest of Y’all Too: Reality Pedagogy and Urban Education by Christopher Emdin. Lastly, I like to recommend the works of Paulo Friere for a take a look at important pedagogy.
Last however not least — what’s one factor that makes you smile?
Students engaged and concerned of their heritage, and seeing that satisfaction fostered within the classroom!